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FFPE antigen retrieval and staining kit

$99.00

Item Cat No.: BCASFP

Application: 100 slides

Reactivity: Tissue

The FFPE antigen retrieval and staining kit allows antigen retrieval from FFPE sections and immunolabeling with antibodies for IHC purposes.

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Formaldehyde crosslinks are formed between protein molecules, in particular with the basic amino acid – lysine. Only those lysine residues on the exterior of the protein molecule can react with formaldehyde. Formaldehyde crosslinks are made primarily on the hydrophilic areas of proteins. The reaction between aldehyde and protein is pH-dependent, progressing more rapidly at higher pH values.

Formaldehyde concentrations ranging from 4-10% are often used in fixation buffer. BiCell Scientific has found that lower formaldehyde concentrations such as 1-2% can better preserve antigenicity while higher formaldehyde concentrations such as 4-10% retain good tissue morphology. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) sections (formalin: 10% formaldehyde), however, require antigen retrieval processes to revive antigenicity in tissues, which is essential to IHC applications.

The kit contains:

  • 250ml of Acidic antigen retrieval buffer (Citrate buffer, pH 6.0)
  • 250ml of Alkaline antigen retrieval buffer (Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0)
  • 100ml of Block buffer (bovine serum, Tween-20, NaCl and Tris buffered saline)
  • 500ml of Wash buffer (Tween-20, NaCl, and Tris buffered saline)
  • 1ml of Mounting buffer (Mowiol and Tris buffered saline)

Store at -20oC


For Research Use Only. Not for use in clinical diagnostics.

  • Thaw kit content to room temperature.
  • Deparaffinize FFPE sections with Xylene.
  • Rehydrate sections with decreasing concentrations of ethyl alcohol (100% to 70%).
  • Wash slides 2 times with dH2O.
  • Dip slides into either acidic or alkaline antigen retrieval buffer.
  • Microwave sections at boiling temperature for 10min.
  • Wash slides 2 times with dH2O.
  • Drain Wash solution against a towel and put slides into the wet chamber.
  • Dilute primary antibody at 1:50 in Block solution and add to each slide (300-500 µl is sufficient to cover the section on each slide).
  • Incubate the slides in the wet chamber at room temperature for 2hr.
  • Take slides out of the wet chamber, drain off antibody, and wash three times with the Wash solution.
  • Dilute secondary antibodies at 1: 200 in Block solution and add to each slide and put slides back into the wet chamber.
  • Incubate the slides in the wet chamber at room temperature for 1hr.
  • Take slides out of the wet chamber, drain off antibody, and wash three times with the Wash solution.
  • If using fluorophore labeled secondary antibodies, then add 20 ul of Mowiol solution to the section on each slide. Place a cover glass onto the section and apply a small pressure to remove any trapped air bubble. Let Mowiol solution dry at room temperature for 1hr. Store glass slides at 4oC for less than 1 month.
  • If using HRP labeled secondary antibodies, then add HRP substrates such as DAB and follow the instructions of DAB colorimetric development.

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"I am really impressed with your approach. We tried multiple times previously to create monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies to claudin-2 and MLCK1. We have had limited success generating polyclonals and no success generating monoclonals. You have generated outstanding monoclonals to both. I look forward to continuing to work with you."

Jerrold R. Turner, M.D., Ph.D.

Brigham and Women’s Hospital | Harvard Medical School

"The polyclonal antibody you generated for KIAA0408 is stunning! KIAA0408 is a novel cilium molecule that has never been studied. So, clearly there will be a lot of demand for it as we have discovered a very interesting finding and the story will be published in a high impact journal. I am strongly inclined to generate monoclonal antibody for this protein too and we should think about patenting it."

Univ.-Prof. Jay Gopalakrishnan PhD

Heinrich-Heine-Universität | Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf

"Your ARL13B antibody works beautifully!!! We’re so happy to have a cilia-specific antibody made in rat! I can send you high resolution images to be posted on your website."

Julie Craft Van De Weghe, PhD

School of Medicine | University of Washington

"The assay is a homophilic interaction mediated cell adhesion on purified protein (in this case, immobilized purified Pcdhga9 to Pcdhga9 expressed on cell surface). Compared to control, cell adhesion is reduced in the presence of Pcdhga9 monoclonal antibody supernatants!"

Divyesh Joshi, PhD

School of Medicine | Yale University

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